Poison and Toxin Exposure Treatment

Exposure to Poisons or Toxins

If you think your pet has been exposed to a poison or toxin, get as much information about the poison or toxin as possible and call the emergency line immediately. Many poison and toxin exposures can be treated at Riverview Animal Clinic however, if your pet has been exposed to a poison or toxin that we are unfamiliar with, we may ask you to call the Pet Poison Helpline or the Animal Poison Control Center. You can also call the Pet Poison Helpline or the Animal Poison Control Center without contacting us first. Because both the Helpline and the Control Center pay veterinarians to be on call to answer your questions, there is a charge for information from these services regardless of whether we ask you to call or you call on your own.




If you think that your pet has been exposed to any of the toxins below, please call us immediately for a consultation (509-758-5022):

  • Antifreeze (This toxin is particularly dangerous and pets should have NO EXPOSURE to antifreeze. Please dispose of all antifreeze in an area that cannot be accessed by pets and IMMEDIATELY move vehicles that are leaking antifreeze to an area that cannot be accessed by pets.)
  • Rat or mouse poison
  • Pesticides including slug bait
  • Herbicides

Many household items can also be toxic to pets. If your pet has been exposed to any of these household items, please call us for a consultation (509-758-5022):

  • Many houseplants, including most lilies
  • Dark chocolate
  • Outside plants like foxglove and oleander
  • Unsweetened cocoa & Baker’s chocolate
  • Cocoa plant mulch
  • Raisins
  • Plant food
  • Grapes
  • Onions
  • Macadamia nuts
  • Xylitol (sweetner in sugarless gum)


For more information on poisons and toxins, contact us at Riverview Animal Clinic (509-758-5022), or visit the Pet Poison Helpline website at http://www.petpoisonhelpline.com/

We can identify most items that can be a poison or toxin, and there is also a thorough list of poisons and toxins at http://www.petpoisonhelpline.com/poisons/

The American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) has tips on first aid for a potentially poisoned pet at https://www.avma.org/public/EmergencyCare/Pages/Basic-Pet-First-Aid-Procedures.aspx. This advice should be used while you are waiting to see your veterinarian, NOT in place of a consultation with – and thorough examination by – a veterinarian.

The AVMA also has information on common toxicities caused by human medications administered to pets at https://www.avma.org/public/PetCare/Pages/Poison-pills-for-pets.aspx and on the most commonly encountered household toxins at https://ebusiness.avma.org/files/productdownloads/HouseholdHazards-En.pdf